| Enesco, Georges, Romanian
(b.Aug.19,1881,Liveni,nearDorohoi,Botosani county,Romania.--d.May 4,1955, Paris, France),
violinist and composer, known for his interpretations of Bach and his works in a Romanian
Style. At the age of seven Enesco went to the Vienna Conservatory, where he studied violin. In
1894 he became acquainted with Johannes Brahms, whose formal symphonic developments he
later took as a model. In 1895 he went to Paris, where he studied composition and violin.
In 1898 his Poéme Roumain was played in Paris, and in 1899 he won the first prize for
violin at the Paris Conservatory. He then began his career as a virtuoso violinist and
became widely known for his interpretations of Bach. He was also known as a conductor.
Enesco's chamber works include three violin sonatas (the last in the popular Romanian
style), three piano sonatas, and two string quartets. Among his orchestral works
there are three
symphonies, two Romanian rhapsodies, and an overture on Romanian folk themes. National
themes are also used in his opera Oedipe (1936). In his later years he became the leader
of the Romanian school of composers. He was also greatly respected as a violin teacher.
|Iorga, Nicolae (b. June 18, 1871, Botosani,
Romania.--d. Nov. 28, 1940, Strejnicu, Romania), scholar and statesman, Romania's greatest
national historian, who also served briefly as its Prime Minister (1931-32). Appointed
professor of World History at Bucharest (1 895), Iorga early established his
historical reputation with his Geschichte des rumänischen Volkes (1905. "History
of the Romanian People"), his five-volume Geschichte des osmanischen Reiches
(1908-12; "History of the Ottoman Empire"), and studies of the Crusades. From
the time of his first election to the Romanian Parliament (1907), he played an important
role in national politics. He founded his own party, the National Democrats, and in
1931-32 he served as Prime Minister and also Minister of Education. A man of enormous
energy, by 1933, he had already , written an estimated 800 books and 10,000 articles and
founded a people's university at Vălenii de Munte (1908), the Southeast European Institute
(1913), and numerous periodicals. He subsequently published a monumental 10-volume
national history (Istoria Romānilor; 1936-39). His strongly nationalist writings and
lectures influenced all of Romanian intellectual life. Iorga supported the regime of his
former pupil, King Carol II, who had returned from exile in 1930 to claim the national
throne. In November 1940 Iorga was assassinated by the national Fascist Iron Guard.
|Romanian Eminescu, Mihai, pseudonym of MIHAI
EMINOVICI (b. Jan. 15, 1850, Ipotesti, Botosani County, Romania --d. June 15,
1889, Bucharest, Romania), poet who transformed both the form and content of Romanian
poetry, creating a school of poetry that strongly influenced Romanian writers and poets in
the late 19th and early 20th centuries. Eminescu was educated in the Germano-Romanian
cultural center of Cernauti (now Chernovtsy, Ukraine) and at the
Universities of Vienna
(1869-72) and Berlin (1872-74), where he was influenced by German philosophy and Western
literature. In 1874 he was appointed school inspector and librarian at the University of
Iasi but soon resigned to take up the post of editor in chief of the conservative
Timpul. Its literary activity came to an end in 1883, when he suffered the onset of a
mental disorder that led to his death in an asylum. Eminescu's talent was first revealed
in 1870 by two poems published in "Convorbiri Literare", the organ of the Junimea society in
lasi. Other poems followed, and he became recognized as the foremost modern Romanian poet.
Mystically inclined and of a melancholy disposition, he lived in the glory of the Romanian
medieval past and in folklore, on which he based one of his outstanding poems,
"Luceafarul" (1883;"Lucifer"/ "The Morning Star"). Eminescu's poetry has a
distinctive simplicity of language, a masterly handling of rhyme and verse fore a
profundity of thought, and a plasticity of expression which affected nearly every Romanian
writer of his own period and after. His poems have been translated into several languages,
including an English translation in 1930, but chiefly into German. Among his prose
writings, apart from many studies and essays, the best-known are the stories
"Cezara" and "Sarrnanul Dionis" (1872).
1868 Stefan Luchian was born on February 1, in the village of Stefanesti
1885 studies at the Fine Arts School in Bucharest under painters
Theodor Aman and Gheorghe Tattarescu.
1889 he leaves for Munich where he was granted a scholarship studies at the Fine Arts
1891 he leaves for Paris where he studies at the Academia Julian under Prof.
1894 participates in the "Exhibitions of Artists in Life". His canvass
last Autumn Horse Race" is awarded by a prize.
1901 he becomes seriously ill
1903 opens a one-man exhibition with 39 paintings in the Assan House
1916 he passed away after long suffering on the night of 28th
1867-1944 born at Botoşani a biologist, founder of Natural Sciences Museum from Bucharest
Octav Băncilă 1872-1944 born at Botosani, a
1846-1895 botanist founder of Romanian Botanic Science and Bucharest Botanic Garden
Octavian Cotescu 1931-1985 born at Dorohoi, Botosani County, Romanian actor
Constantin Gane 1885-1962 well known writer and historic
Lucien Goldman 1913-1970 born at Botosani deceased at Paris famous Sociologist
at Sorbone, Ecole Pratique de Hautes Etudes, Paris, France, Universite Libre de Bruxelles and Solvay Institute,
Kahane, Hillei, ?-? important Jewish pedagogue, writer, author of geographical
atlas "Gelioth Ha-Arez"
George Baron de Milossici 1819-1890, born at Botosani, Vice-admiral of Austrian
Octav Onicescu 1892-1983 important Romanian mathematician
Pillat Ion 1891-1945 well-known Romanian poet
Dimitrie Pompeiu 1873-1954 born at Broscauti, Botosani County, famous Romanian
Sanielevici Simion 1870-1963 born at Botosani, well known mathematician
Elie Radu 1853-1913, born at Botosani, one of the most important Romanian Civil
Sanielevici Henric 1875-1951 born at Botosani, Literary historian
Teodoreanu Al .O (Păstorel)
1894-1964 born at Botosani, (brother of Ionel Teodoreanu), important Romanian writer
Sorbul Mihai 1885-1966, born at Botosani, important dramatist.
Alexandru Graur 1900-1988, born at Botosani, important
Demostene Botez 1893-1973 Born at Hulub village Dangeni
commune main Romanian poet.
Gheorghe Tăutu 1823-1885 Born at Botosani, poet.
Marcel Olinescu 1896-1992 Born at Dorohoi, painter.
Barbu Lăzăreanu 1881-1957 Born at Botosani,
Nicolae Leon 1862-1931 Born at Botosani, elder brother
of Naturalist Grigore Antipa, he was a biologist.
We can mention to:
writers: Alecu Ivan Ghilia, Victor Emil
Galan, Ion Păun-Pincio, Vasile Pogor, , Ion Istrati, Haralambie Ţugui, ş.a.
painters and scuptors: Constantin
Piliuţă, Şuba Oniţa, Ion Murariu, Costache Radinschi .
Geographers : Andrei Popovici-Bīznosanu, Victor
Medical Doctors: Mihai
Curcă, Gheorghe Cuciureanu, Iacob Iacobovici, Constantin Vīrnav.
Philosophers, Critics: Barbu Lăzăreanu, Z. Ornea, Dumitru Murăraşu,
activity and the role they played in Botosani-City cultural life we may consider
the Botosani citizens
Bodnărescu, Eugen Boureanu, Nicu Gane, George Mărgărit,
Mihai Ursachi, Lucian Valea;
Vasile Bogrea, Ovid Densuşeanu
and the list
could be continued .